The Basic Science of Mouth Guards
With no mouthguard, a blow to the lower face sends shock waves through the skull. A direct impact can fracture the front teeth, however, other blows, particularly to the lower jaw, can cause other damage. A blow to the lower jaw can slam the jaws together, and the sudden impact of the fairly sharp lower teeth into the back of the upper teeth is like a chisel, causing a fracture of the upper teeth.
In some cases, the transmitted forces can lead to a fracture of the lower jaw or travel through the jaw joint (TMJ) into the base of the skull, causing a concussion.
Mouth guards act like shock absorbers, both spreading the force over a larger area, and increasing the time for the peak force to occur. Dissipating the energy of the blow over a larger area and for a longer time reduces its effect, and prevents, or vastly reduces any injury.
Why do I need a custom made mouthguard?
Custom-made mouthguards are somewhat more expensive than stock mouthguards purchased in stores, but their exceptionally good fit, comfort, and overall quality make them worth it. A custom-made mouth guard is easily retained in the mouth and does not interfere with speech or breathing. For these reasons, custom-made devices are often preferred and recommended by sports enthusiasts. So give your smile a sporting chance—ask for a custom-made mouthguard.
At our practice, we can customise your mouthguard (even when you have braces), an impression will be taken, and you may select your colour. Your mouthguard will be supplied at your earliest convenience in a mouthguard holder for you to keep safe!